Latin American has always been part of a larger context in which Europe played an important role too. Moreover, precolumbian cultures, an Early Modern epoch labeled as 'viceroyal', 'New Spain' or 'colonial', and a so-called 'national' or '(post)independent' history are challenging to reconsider current categories of persistence, tradition, and modernity. A diacronic and syncronic approach to the often complex mutual relations between both sides of the Atlantic aims at enhancing our understanding of a world whose parts are closer to each other than traditional horizons are suggesting.

Martin Waldseemüller, Universalis cosmographia secundum Ptholomaei traditionem et Americi Vespucii aliorū que lustrationes, 1507 (detail)

Research

Latin American political language
Monarchy in Iberoamerica
Classical reception and political discourse in the Ibero-American world
History of historiography

Career

Associate Professor, University of Talca, 2014 –
Assistant Professor, University of Talca, 2009 – 2014
Lecturer, University of Hamburg, 2007
Interim Full Professor, University of Hamburg, 2006
Doctor philosophiae, University of Hamburg, 2006
Magister Artium, Eberhard Karls University Tübingen, 1998


American monarchies

The renaissance of monarchical rule around 1800 in Latin America has come upon tendencies of political autonomy showing that – this is the project's core proposition – images of empire and emperorship were crucial to legitimate political power from the age of European expansion through to independence and beyond. In the Brazilian case, longstanding monarchical ideas culminated in the segregation from the Portuguese empire and the constitution of an independent emperorship in 1822. In Mexico, such concepts could foster the way to independence drawing also on indigenous traditions. On the other side pre-colombian and colonial spaces of political rule shaped the formation of new states from the Andes to the Rio de la Plata. With recourse to a broad offer of written and iconographic sources the project's concern not least is asking for how American images of monarchical rule took effect within an Atlantic horizon.

Las ‘Anecdotas’ de Nicolás de la Cruz y Bahamonde

In 1783 Nicolás de la Cruz y Bahamonde, a native of Talca, Chile, made a long journey that took him via Concepción, Buenos Aires and Montevideo to his final destination in Cádiz, Spain, where he would became a wealthy merchant. On this journey, Cruz y Bahamonde began to write an account in which he assimilated also experiences made on further travels in Europe. Although Cruz y Bahamonde, also known by his title ‘Conde del Maule’, never would return to his home country, during his whole life he was deeply concerned with its well-being, especially in economic and cultural terms.

There is no complete and critical edition of the whole account yet. Embedding the ‘Anecdotas’ in an linguistic and historical context allows to understand its importance: as a testimony of a historical subject that re-negotiates the relationship between both sides of the Atlantic in the age of Enlightenment, reform and revolution, free trade, independence and nation-building; as an expression of the capacity to combine the local and the global; and, finally, as a unique ego-document in which the agent’s own role is steadily reflected and developed. 

Click here for the digitized original manuscript at Lehigh University library

Edited volumes

[coeditor Eduardo Bravo] La independencia de Chile y su celebración: una polémica (aún) abierta?, Talca: Editorial Universidad de Talca, 2016.

Independências latino-americanas: projetos e projeções, Special Issue Revista de Estudos Afro-Americanos 5:1 (2015).

Refereed Articles

"As guerras de Thomas Cochrane: uma reflexão acerca das dimensões espaciais nas independências do Brasil e do Chile", Independências latino-americanas: projetos e projeções Special Issue, Revista de Estudos Afro-Americanos 5:1 (2015), 44–65.

“Apresentação", Independências latino-americanas: projetos e projeções, Special Issue Revista de Estudos Afro-Americanos 5:1 (2015), I–III.

"Amerikanische Kaiser. Lateinamerika im Jahrhundert der Monarchie", Der Wiener Kongress und seine globale Dimension, eds. Christian Cwik, Michael Zeuske, Special Issue Zeitschrift für Weltgeschichte 16:2 (2015), 113–136.

"Un historiador extraviado en Chile. Acerca de la relación entre historia y diplomacia durante la misión de Francisco Adolfo Varnhagen al Pacífico (1863–1867)", Meridional. Revista Chilena de Estudios Latinoamericanos 3 (2014), 85–108.

[with Horst Pietschmann] "Empire. The concept and its problems in the historiography on the Iberian empires in the Early Modern Age", Empires: Concepts and New Research on the Hispanic world, 16th–18th centuries, ed. Ana Crespo Solana, Special Issue Culture & History Digital Journal 3:1 (2014), e002.

_____ [extended version, spanish translation, with Horst Pietschmann] "Los imperios ibéricos de la época moderna. Tendencias historiográficas recientes", Travesía. Revista de historia económica y social 17:1 (2015), 31–53.

"A caminho de uma historia nacional. A pré-historia da 'Historia Geral do Brasil' na primeira metade do século XIX", Expedições: Teoria da História e Historiografia 4:2 (2013), 64–82.

"Geschichte aus der Ferne? Carl Friedrich Philipp von Martius und die Anfänge der brasilianischen Nationalhistoriografie”, Jahrbuch für Europäische Überseegeschichte 9 (2009), 37–66.

"Civilização e nação: o índio na historiografia brasileira oitocentista", Jahrbuch für Geschichte Lateinamerikas 44 (2007), 235–257.

"A imigração como processo civilizatório: pensamento histórico e reforma social durante o período imperial brasileiro", Cadernos de Estudos e Pesquisas 11 (2007), 127–137.

Book chapters

"Uma historia num momento inoportuno: O 'Compêndio' de Abreu e Lima no contexto do debate historiográfico no Brasil nos meados dos oitocentos", in: General Abreu e Lima: um pensador dos trópicos, Juan Pablo Martín Rodrigues, Monique Santana de Oliveira Sousa, Tatiane Maria Barbosa de Oliveira eds., Recife: Editora UFPE, 2018, 93–110.

"Do relatório aventureiro à historia global: a historiografia sobre o Brasil no mundo de fala alemã", in: Estudos de história e historiografia, Francisco José Calazans Falcon ed., Rio de Janeiro: Editora Revan, 2018, 71-92.

"Civilizando a nação. Ideias luso-brasileiras de desenvolvimento social (1808–1871)", in: La Península Ibérica, el Caribe y América Latina. Diálogos a través del Comercio, la Ciencia y la Técnica (siglos XIX–XX) (=Biblioteca Estudos & Colóquios, Série E–Books, Nº 8), dir. Antonio Abreu Xavier, Évora: Publicações do CIDEHUS, 2017.

"Del patio al mundo: el tratado ABC como punto de inflexión de la diplomacia brasileña", in: A 100 años del ABC: desafíos y proyecciones en el marco de la integración regional, María Ignacia Matus Matus, Gilberto Aranda Bustamante eds., Santiago de Chile: Instituto de Estudios Internacionales de la Universidad de Chile, Centro de Estudios e Investigaciones Militares, 2016, 53–63.

"La cultura independentista al inicio del siglo XIX: breves observaciones respecto a un tema actual", in: La independencia de Chile y su celebración: una polémica (aún) abierta?, Christian Hausser, Eduardo Bravo eds., Talca: Editorial Universidad de Talca, 2016, 21–36.

[with Eduardo Bravo] "Acerca de este libro", in: La independencia de Chile y su celebración: una polémica (aún) abierta?, Christian Hausser, Eduardo Bravo eds., Talca: Editorial Universidad de Talca, 2016, 17–19.

"Portugal und seine überseeischen Besitzungen – Raum ohne Herrschaft", in: Imperien und Reiche in der Weltgeschichte. Epochenübergreifende und globalhistorische Vergleiche, Michael Gehler, Robert Rollinger eds., with the collaboration of Sabine Fick and Simone Pittl, Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, 935–970.

"La nación como amalgama. Inclusión y exclusión social en el Brasil imperial", in: Del Mundo Hispánico a la consolidación de las Naciones 1808–1940, Milena Koprivitza Acuña [et al.] eds., Tlaxcala, México D.F.: Gobierno del Estado de Tlaxcala, 2010, 155–173.

"Kaiser Pedro II.", in: Populisten, Revolutionäre, Staatsmänner. Politiker in Lateinamerika (=Bibliotheca Ibero-Americana, Band 129), Nikolaus Werz ed., Frankfurt am Main: Vervuert, 2010, 142–171.

"Imperios y emperadores. Conceptos imperiales y sus representaciones en el mundo iberoamericano colonial como problema de investigación", in: La Guerra de conciencias: monarquía o independencia en los mundos hispánico y lusitano, Milena Koprivitza Acuña [et al.] eds., Tlaxcala, México D.F.: Gobierno del Estado de Tlaxcala, 2010, 93–108.

"Transnationale Perspektiven der brasilianischen Geschichte", in: Brasilien in der postnationalen Konstellation (=Brasilianisten-Gruppe in der ADLAF: Beiträge zur Brasilien-Forschung, Band 1), Rafael Sevilla, Sérgio Costa, Martin Coy eds., Tübingen: Centro de Comunicación Científica con Ibero-América, 2003, 206–212.

"A Guerra de Canudos na memória nacional: os manuais de história", in: De sertões, desertos e espaços incivilizados, Angela Mendes de Almeida, Berthold Zilly, Eli Napoleão de Lima eds., Rio de Janeiro: FAPERJ, Mauad, 2001, 157–172.

Universidad de Talca       Instituto de Estudios Humanísticos 'Juan Ignacio Molina’       1 Poniente 1141       3462227 Talca        Chile        +56 71 2200459